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Realism (Art) what is it?

representative painting of the realistic artistic movement "realism"

The artistic movement of realism emerged in the 19th century as a reaction against romantic idealism. It sought to represent reality as it is, without embellishment or idealization. Realist artists focused on depicting everyday aspects of life, emphasizing ordinary subjects, urban scenes, natural landscapes, realistic portraits, and addressing social and political themes.

Artistic realism aimed to faithfully represent human nature, the living conditions of different social classes, and the social issues of the time. Realist artists employed precise and meticulous techniques to reproduce the details and nuances of reality, often based on direct observations.

This movement had a major influence on the evolution of art by rejecting academic conventions and introducing a more objective and documentary approach to artistic representation. Realism also paved the way for other 19th-century art movements, such as Impressionism and Naturalism.

The origin of realism

The artistic movement of realism emerged in the 19th century in Europe, primarily in France. It developed as a reaction to romantic ideals and the tendency of the time to idealize reality.

Realism emerged in a context of significant social, political, and economic changes. The Industrial Revolution and the resulting social upheavals sparked a growing interest in the real-life conditions of different social classes. Artists felt the need to represent these realities and bear witness to the inequalities and injustices of the time.

The development of photography also influenced the emergence of realism. Artists faced the challenge of competing with photography in accurately representing reality. Some chose to focus on subjects and approaches that photography couldn't capture in the same way, bringing their own interpretation and sensitivity to their works.

Realist artists, such as Gustave Courbet, Honoré Daumier, and Jean-François Millet, sought to depict everyday life, natural landscapes, urban scenes, and social subjects with an objective gaze and attention to detail. They often addressed themes related to work, poverty, inequality, and social injustice.

Realism had a significant impact on art and influenced subsequent artistic movements. It paved the way for a more authentic approach to artistic representation, seeking to reflect reality as it is, with its positive and negative aspects, and challenging traditional artistic conventions.

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